1. Stroke risks and prevention
Global issue: 90% of strokes and most NCDs are linked to 10 modifiable risk factors including hypertension, smoking, alcohol use, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet. Implementation of health policies and prevention to reduce these risks is still too slow worldwide.
WSO advocacy priority: Better implementation of population-wide prevention strategies for stroke and NCDs, such as detecting and treating hypertension, combating traditional and new forms of tobacco use (SDG target 3.a), reducing the harmful use of alcohol (SDG target 3.5), and encouraging physical activity and a healthy diet.
2. Stroke treatment and care
Global issue: The complexity of stroke requires dedicated service at all levels of care – from acute care to rehabilitation – built around “stroke units”.
WSO advocacy priority: Enhanced services for stroke patients, including establishing and use of stroke units, essential medicines, and medical devices such as endovascular treatment and rehabilitation, all accessible through universal health coverage to reduce inequalities.
3. Stroke action plans
Global issue: Addressing the impact of stroke requires comprehensive national stroke action plans that include stroke awareness, access to quality stroke treatment, primary and secondary prevention, and long-term care within their scope.
WSO advocacy priority: Governments develop and implement comprehensive stroke action plans, using existing frameworks developed by global stroke experts and patient groups to guide policy decisions on all aspects of stroke, including its prevention, detection, treatment, and long-term care.